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Ancient Egypt

Assignment 12

Now that we are finished with the ancient Egypt unit, I would like you to reflect on what you have learned about ancient Egypt. Please complete these sentences clearly and with specific details. Write the answers on your wiki page. If you need reminders of what we did, just scroll through the assignments on this page or look through your notes.

1. The single most important thing I learned was about the Pharaoh Ramesses the great and his Achievements attacking the Hittites.

2. Something that confused me or that I didn't understand was why Ancient Egypt stop writing the "Book of the Dead" And what they did after they stopped to replace.

3. What surprised me the most was the when the Pharaoh Khamose's father getting Axed to death because of his act of rebelling.

4. I would like to know more about is the last pharaoh and his achievements, and also why Ancient Egypt had to get Invaded.

5. The part that I think I will always remember was the golden age in Egypt, which is the New Kingdom. And all the Pharaohs such as Hatshepsut and Ramesses the great.

Assignment 11

Sources:
  • Online Textbook pages 93-103
  • Wiki Assignments
  • Your Notes

Directions:
Use the above sources to label your 3D Timeline with labels about:
  • Ancient Egypt's three kingdoms (Provide a clear and detailed three sentence description about each kingdom including who was involved in the kingdom. Each kingdom must have a separate label on the timeline.)
  • Pharaoh Khufu (Provide a clear and detailed two sentence description about him.)
  • The Hyksos in Egypt (Provide a clear and detailed two sentence description about them.)
  • Pharaoh Hatshepsut (Provide a clear and detailed two sentence description about her.)
  • Ramses the Great (Provide a clear and detailed two sentence description about him.)
Requirements:
  • Each event label must have a simple title about the information
  • Each event label must have correct dates
  • Each event label must have an appropriate picture
  • Each event label must have a citation for the picture
  • Sentences should be complete and detailed

Assignment 8

Part 1: Riverboat Tour Part 1
Part 2: Riverboat Tour Part 2

Assignment 7

Read the information here about the three kingdoms in ancient Egypt. The problem with these three paragraphs is that each paragraph does not have specific details or evidence. Your task is to find specific details and evidence from our textbook for the information presented in each paragraph about each kingdom. Then re-write the paragraph adding the new specific details and evidence you found. Write the new paragraph on your wiki page.
Part 1
The Old Kingdom (2700 BCE - 2200 BCE)
Specific details and evidence can be found on pages 98-100 in our textbook.
Your specific details and evidence should give more information about...

The Old kingdom was called the pyramid age and was called that because of the amount of pyramids that was built in this time period. The pyramids were built by workers that or farmers that don't have any job to do. The pyramid was built for the pharaoh's tumb, it is made to connect to the sun god, example for this is the step pyramids and just pyramids. That is, the Khufu's giant pyramid. The workers were paid to work. The importance of the pyramid was large. It was believed to be built so the pharaoh can be combined with the sun god and go through the underworld.
  • Pyramids (definition, examples, construction details)
  • Workers
  • Importance of the pyramids
Part 2
The Middle Kingdom (2100 BCE - 1800 BCE)
Specific details and evidence about this kingdom can be found on pages 101-102 in our textbook.
Your specific details and evidence should give more information about...

The old kingdom had fall due to the money that had been wasted to make all the pyramids and didn't have enough even though they collected taxes. The middle ages was controlled by the nobles and high leveled people. It was called the golden age. There were war against each other, lower Egypt and the upper Egypt.

  • the difference with the Old Kingdom
  • what life was like during this time
  • wars or battles and who was involved

Part 3
The New Kingdom (1570 BCE - 1070 BCE)
Specific details and evidence about this kingdom can be found on pages 102-103 in our textbook.
Your specific details and evidence should give more information about...

  • what new territories were conquered
  • names of pharaoh's involved in expansion
  • wars or battles and who was involved
  • trading (who and what)
After the fight with the Hyksos, and getting their territory back, Egypt started to expanding their empire, one king who expanded Egypt was King Kush, he led his army to Kyksos and also expanded it until the Euphrates River, and also Rames the Great had made a role in fighting with the Hitties and defending from the Sea people. The main trading system was led by the queen Hatsheput, she trade with the Asia minor and Greece, she mainly traded ivory, gold, rare wood and many other resources that Egypt didn't have.

Assignment 6

Brian's comic:
Directions: Use your notes, wiki assignments, and the Egyptian Underworld video to create a comic showing the mummification process and the Egyptian underworld using ComicLife. Your comic must have the following:
  • the process of mummifying a pharaoh
  • the tomb of the pharaoh and the entry into the underworld
  • at least three obstacles the spirit has to go through in the underworld
  • the various demons or dangers of the underworld
  • spells/passwords/magic words that you create to help the spirit through the underworld
  • must be colorful and detailed
  • a title and your name
  • length: two to four pages which includes a bibliography page for images or information you use
  • additional information we didn't learn from one of the following sources:


Assignment 5

Source: How to Mummify Nefermaat
Directions: Go to the link above to mummify a body. As you work to mummify the body, answer the following questions clearly and with details on your wiki page.
  1. Why did Egyptians want to preserve dead bodies? They thought that the soul would come back to the body and life after the body dies.
  2. How did they preserve bodies? What is this process of preservation called? They preserved it by mummifying the body, they took out organs and brain. It is called mummification.
  3. Explain how the brain was removed from the dead body. Why was the brain removed? They would stick it up the nose and make the brain break and take it out of its nose. They do this to preserve the brain. They thought that it wasn't important
  4. Name the four internal organs that were removed from the body. What was done with these organs? Intestines,stomach, liver, and lung, they were put in jars.
  5. What did they do with the heart? Why? It was not removed because it was needed for Nefermaat later on.
  6. What is natron and why was it used? Using your scribble map of Egypt, name the area where natron came from. It was salt that absorbed liquid from the body. It was from upper egypt. The place were waddy natron.
  7. How was linen used during mummification? It was used to make the body more chubbier after putting in the natron.
  8. What are amulets and how were they used? Give two examples of amulets that were used and explain why they were used. Amulets are objects that are put around the body to make evil spirits go away. Example was the heart amulet symbolized the heart and was shaped as the heart. And the Udjat it was symbolizing the god of horus. For good health.
  9. What happens to the body after it was mummified? It was put into a mummy case and preserved.

Assignment 4

Part 1: Go to this site and read about the different Egyptian gods and goddesses. Choose one of these that you would like to be and explain why you would like to be that god or goddess. Then choose one that you would not want to be and explain why. Make sure your explanations are middle school quality explanations.
Part 2: Compare these Egyptian gods and goddesses with the Mesopotamian gods and goddesses. Did you find similar gods? Name the gods/goddesses and clearly explain the similarities? Why do you think they are similar even though Egypt and the Mesopotamian civilizations were different?
The god I want to be is is the Ra-Horakhty because he is a combination of two strong gods. It is a combination of Ra and Horus so I think it is very powerful god, it is the god that represents the rising sun, I think it would be cool and also good because it was a powerful and respected god because it is the sun and the horus god together. The god that I won't want to be is the Tawerat because it is the god of helping pregnant women lay a baby, and I don't know anything about being pregnant or giving birth to a baby.
One similar god that I noticed is Nut and Anu. Because they are both the god of sky, And their is Amun and Enil, because they are both strong gods. I think they are similar because maybe some thoughts was similar and maybe because some gods had to be same.

Assignment 2

Source: Read pages 93 & 94 in your online textbook
Directions: Answer the following questions clearly and with details on your wiki page.

1. Read the If YOU were there section. How do you feel about working for the pharaoh?
I would have been bad because I have to sacrifice myself to work for him when he does nothing.
2. Eventually the Third Dynasty began in ancient Egypt. The Third Dynasty was the beginning of what historians call ............. . When did it start and end?
It was called the old kingdom, and it lasted for 500 years.
3. Explain how ancient Egyptians felt about their country and their pharaoh.
They thought that the pharaoh was the god of the country, so treated them as god.
4. What were the responsibilities of the pharaoh?
They had to trade and prevent war.
5. What is best known about the famous pharaoh, Khufu? Can you name a specific monument built for him?
He was famous for his monument were made to him, the great pyramid of khufu.
6.a Clearly explain the structure of society in the Old Kingdom. (Note: This should be a long answer.)
First it was the higher class, the key government, noble, and the priest. Then it was the middle class, the rich craftspeople, scribes, also the lesser government members. The last one is the lower class, the people who are farmers, and merchants, slaves also.
6.b. What may be some advantages and disadvantages of such a large segment of the population being farmers, servants, and slaves?
The advantage was that they didn't need to do anything to get money and food. The disadvantage was that they can be betrayed, and the lower classes can rebel.
6.c. What did farmers do during flood season?
They build the pharaoh's tumb and make pyramids.
7. Clearly explain trading in ancient Egypt (what was traded and who they traded with).
They sold iron, slave, and jewerly from sudan.
8. Define the word acquire. Use acquire in an original sentence.
To get something and to own a thing. I acquired a mac book for school.
9. Using the drawing of Egyptian society on page 94, explain where Viziers would be placed?
Itwould be between noble and pharaoh.

Assignment 1


Sources:
  • Carefully read your online textbook pages 88 and 89. (Note: Make sure you scroll down on page 89 to see more information.)
  • Use the map above, the maps in the Egypt Resources wiki page, or your Scribble Map search function

Directions:
  • Your task is to label a map of the Nile River and ancient Egypt on your current Scribble Map. You must mark, label, or represent famous sites, cities, and other objects. Label everything carefully. (Note: Mark means use a marker, label means use a text label, represent means draw a symbol to show the item.)
  • You must also provide an image and a description for some of the labels. Each description must be at least three sentences long and must be clear, detailed, and specific. Your description should give us clear information to help us understand the item or place and why it was so important for ancient Egyptians.

1. Represent and label the Nile’s Sixth Cataract to the First Cataract.

2. Label the Red Sea.

3. Represent and mark three mines and three quarries. Provide an image and a description for each mine and quarry.

4. Represent and label these historic sites: the Valley of the Kings, the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Sphinx, Abu Simbel, the Pharos (lighthouse in the port of Alexandria), the Bahriya Oasis and the Farafra oasis (include palm trees). Provide an image and a description for each historic site.

5. Mark these cities: Abydos, Thebes, Giza, Hermopolis, Memphis, Bubastis, Rosetta, Alexandria, Meroe, Khartoum, and Elephantine

6. Label these geographical features: the Western Desert, the Eastern Desert, the Nile Delta (include animals found here), the Sinai Peninsula, the Wadi el-Natrun, the Mediterranean Sea, the Gulf of Suez, the Nubian Desert. Include animals of the desert. Provide an image and a description for each geographical feature.

7. Label Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt.