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Assignment 10

Now that we are finished our unit about ancient India, I would like you to reflect on what you have learned. Please answer clearly and with details. Each answer must be at least two sentences. If you need reminders of what we did, just scroll through the assignments on this page or look through your notes.

1. The single most important thing I learned was...

2. Something that confused me or that I didn't understand was...

3. What surprised me the most was...

4. I would like to know more about...

5. The part that I think I will always remember was...

Assignment 9

Source: Online Textbook pages 162-171

Directions: You are a sage and you will teach your classmates a part of ancient India's history. The four parts (groups) are...
  • Group 1: The Mauryan Empire (page 162-163, 166)
  • Group 2: The Gupta Empire (page 164-165)
  • Group 3: Indian Achievements- Religious Art & Sanskrit Literature (page 167-169)
  • Group 4: Indian Achievements- Scientific Advances (page 170-171)

Each part has (or might have) pictures, illustrations, maps, dates, vocabulary words, and important people. Your job as a sage is to become an expert on your part so you will be able to comfortably and confidently teach others. Remember that if you don't understand the information, you won't be able to teach others properly. Follow these steps to become a great sage:

Steps
  1. Read all the information on the pages you are responsible for. Don't just read the main parts, look at the other information such as maps or diagrams or pictures.
  2. Take notes in your notebook and answer the Reading Check question after each section to make sure you understand the information. You also have to answer the questions about your section from page 176 (section 4 or 5).
  3. Present the information to your students but first decide how you are going to present the information. Will you just talk about the information (this can be boring) or will you use visuals or give a slideshow presentation (this can be more interesting)? Remember that your students have not read the information and are counting on you to teach them in an interesting and educational way.
  4. Check your students understanding. How will you check if your students understood the information? Will you make up questions to ask them? Will you ask them to write answers to the questions you had to answer in step 2? What else will you do? Will you ask your students to create something that shows their understanding? Think about how you are taught at school and the activities you do in your classes. Your students would probably have more fun if they made something that shows they understand the information.
  5. Your students must do the work you give them. They (and you) must also do the following:
    • add at least two important events to their timelines (you choose the important events from your part)
    • add two markers/labels to their scribble map (you choose what should be labeled from your part)
  6. Finally quiz and grade your students using the resources Mr. Tabbara shows you.

Assignment 8

Sources:
  • 1. Online Textbook page 157
  • 2. Online Textbook pages 158-159
Directions:
Write your answers for this assignment in your NOTEBOOK.

Part 1
Using source number 1, write your own clear and complete sentences using of the following words. Remember that your sentences should show that you know the meanings of the words.
  • fasting
  • meditation
Part 2
Using source number 2, write about the following:
  • The Four Noble Truths
    • Clearly summarize in 2-3 sentences (please don't just list the four truths)
    • Give one real-world example for each truth

  • The Eightfold Path
    • Clearly summarize in 2-3 sentences (please don't just list the eight parts)
    • Explain how you are following at least two of the eight parts of the path in your life today
    • Explain how you are NOT following two of the eight parts of the path in your life today
Part 3
Using source number 2, create a clear and neat Venn diagram showing the differences and similarities between Hinduism and Buddhism.

Assignment 7

Sources:
Directions:
Using the sources above, complete the Buddha's Path to Enlightenment sheet by...
  • completing the drawing for each picture.
  • writing an appropriate caption (2-3 sentences) for each picture.
  • adding three labels to each picture.
  • coloring each picture.
  • coloring the other parts of the sheet for a higher grade.

Assignment 6

Follow the directions on the handout for your illustrated poem about the Ramayana.
Here is additional information:
  • You must have at least four visuals and they must all be original (i.e. you must create them).
  • Your poem must be neatly typed in an easy to read font or neatly hand written.
  • Your name should appear on the front side of your poem.
  • You may use more than one sheet of paper.
  • Your poem must be converted to a PDF and put into my dropbox on the due date given to you in class.
  • Scripts for all five scenes--->

Assignment 5

Website: India-Government

Use the website above to answer these questions.

1. Why would having a central government help in planning and organizing a city?
2. Who were Rajahs?
3. What is a Guru?
4. What subjects were taught in school?
5. Who was in charge of the government?
6. Why did people look up to the priests?
7. Look up the word 'sage' in any dictionary. What does it mean and what word from questions 1-6 is it similar to?

Assignment 4

Answer the following questions clearly and with details on your wiki page.
1. What varna were you in during the caste system simulation?
2. What was your favorite part about the caste system simulation? Why?
3. What part of the simulation made you angry, upset, or frustrated? Why?
4. Do you think this system is fair? Why or why not?
5. Do you think a society should organize people into social classes? Why or Why not?

Assignment 3
Source:
Think about the activity we did in class as archeologists in Mohenjo-Daro. Using the source above, your ideas, and the notes you took about archeologists ideas, answer the following questions clearly and completely on your wiki page. Each answer should be at least two sentences long with specific information.

1. What have you learned about daily life in Mohenjo-Daro from this activity?
2. Which characteristics of civilization do you see represented in the artifacts you looked at? Explain.
3. In what ways do you think Mohenjo-Daro was like a modern city?
4. Why do you think it is difficult for us to know exactly what life was like in ancient civilizations like those in the Indus-Sarasvati region?
5. What do you think might have contributed to the decline of Mohenjo-Daro?

Assignment 2
Website: Indus Valley
Use the website above to answer these questions. Write your answers in complete sentences with clear details on your wiki page.
1. What was discovered during the excavations of Mohenjo-Daro?
2. How is Mohenjo-Daro similar to our cities today?
3. What can we learn from archaeological discoveries (such as artifacts and city construction) in Mohenjo-Daro?
4. Give clear and specific information about how people lived in Mohenjo-Daro. In your answer, you have to talk about the artifacts that you discovered and put into the museum.
5. What do we know about the Priest-King?
6. What was the Great Bath and how was it used?

Assignment 1

Source: IndiaSubcontinentMapTrans.jpg

Directions: Look at the map above, read the text below, and answer the following questions on your wiki page:

In the 1990's, satellite pictures revealed an ancient, dried riverbed located in India's present-day Thar Desert. Geologists have identified this riverbed as the route of the ancient Sarasvati River. The Sarasvati lay east of the Indus River and generally followed the same course, originating in the Himalaya mountains and emptying into the Arabian Sea. Geologists believe that the Sarasvati River dried up around 1900 B.C.E. Over time, the once fertile area around the Sarasvati River dried up around 1900 B.C.E. Over time, the once fertile area around the Sarasvati evolved into the dry, hot desert that exists today.
Early Indian agricultural settlements arose in the Indus-Sarasvati river region at least as far back as 6500 B.C.E. Like many other ancient peoples, the early Indians settled by rivers. They settled primarily on the banks of the Sarasvati River as well as along the banks of the Indus River. These rivers provided the ancient Indians with plenty of water, and the land near the rivers was fertile and excellent for growing crops. The rivers also provided the Indians with a convenient way to travel and trade among themselves and with other civilizations. Archeologists have found artifacts from the Indus-Sarasvati civilization - such as carved seals - in Mesopotamia's Sumer. These discoveries have led scholars to believe that the early Indians traded with Mesopotamia, possibly by traveling in ships down the Indus and Sarasvati rivers to the Arabian Sea and then west to Sumer and other locations.
After the Sarasvati River dried up around 1900 B.C.E., the Indus-Sarasvati Indians moved to more habitable areas, such as the fertile banks of the Ganga river further east. Archeological evidence shows, however, that people settled by the Ganga River as far back as 5000 B.C.E.

Questions:

1. In what ways is your map similar to the one that you see in the map above?

2. What physiographic features can you identify on this map that are not on your map?

3. Why do you think settlements developed along the Indus and Sarasvati rivers? Explain with clear and complete details.

4. Accurately draw and label the ancient Sarasvati River on your map.

5. Why did ancient Indian people eventually migrate to the Ganga River?
















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Assignment 8
Using what you learned about Buddhism and Hinduism, find four similarities and two differences between these two religions. (Obvious similarities like 'they both have ism in their names', are not middle school quality work.)
Hint: Use your Hindu beliefs sheet (Brahman, Multiple Gods, Dharma, Karma, and Samsara) and the diagram below to help you compare these two religions.

Buddhism_Diagram.jpg


Assignment 7
Link 1: Ramayana Part 1
Link 2: Ramayana Part 2
Use the above links to figure out what your character looks like. Create a simple costume or mask to use in your performance in the Ramayana Reader's Theater.

Assignment 6
Link: Textbook page 212
Answer these questions by using the link above.
1. How were people who obeyed the Vedas believed to be rewarded?
2. Who would be closer to spiritual perfection-someone of a higher class or of a lower class?
3. What religion of today comes from the religion of the Aryans?
4. Vocabulary- Define the following words:

  • Sanskrit
  • Vedas
  • Hinduism
  • reincarnation

Assignment 5
1. What caste were you in during the simulation?
2. What was your favorite part about the caste simulation? Why?
3. What part made you angry, upset, or frustrated? Why?
4. Do you think this system is fair? Why or why not?
5. Do you think a society should organize people into social classes? Why or Why not?


Assignment 4

Website: India-Government

Use the website above to answer these questions.

1. Why would having a central government help in planning and organizing a city?
2. Who were Rajahs?
3. What is a Guru?
4. What subjects were taught in school?
5. Who was in charge of the government?
6. Why did people look up to the priests?

Assignment 3
Have you ever wondered how historians work? How can we know anything about people
who lived long ago, before there were books or photographs? One of the ways we learn about
ancient people is from objects. Special historians, called archaeologists, study objects people
have left behind. Archaeologists dig up ancient cities. They then study the buildings, tools,
art and other objects found there.

Mr. Tabbara has already shown you some information about the Indus Civilization. Now you
are going to be an archeologist. See what you can learn by studying objects from the ancient
cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.


Directions:
Embodying Indus Life: TerraCotta Figurines From Harappa
Go to http://www.harappa.com/figurines/index.html and look at the figure of the woman.
Answer these questions:

1. What does the woman have on her head? Why do you think she is wearing it?
2. What else is she wearing?

Next, look at pictures number 2, number 69, and number 55.
Answer these questions:

3. In picture 2, notice how small the cart is. What do you think it was used for?
4. In picture 69, there would be wheels where the two holes are. What do you think this
object was used for?
5. What is the figure in picture 55? What can you guess about Indus people and dogs? Why?

Go to http://www.harappa.com/seal/1.html.
Look carefully at the object and answer these questions:

6. Describe this object.
7. Does it look like something you have seen before at home or at school?
8. What do you think it was used for?
9. Now think about everything you have seen. Write a paragraph describing what you think
life was like in an Indus city. Use the information you learned just by looking
.

Assignment 2
Website: Indus Valley
Use the website above to answer these questions.
1. What was discovered during the excavations of Mohenjo-Daro?
2. How is Mohenjo-Daro similar to our cities today?
3. What can we learn from archaeological discoveries (such as artifacts and city construction) in Mohenjo-Daro?
4. Give clear and specific information about how people lived in Mohenjo-Daro. In your answer you have to talk about the artifacts that you discovered and put into the museum.

Assignment

Website: Ancient Indus Valley Civilizations

Use the website above to answer these questions.
  1. What is fascinating about this ancient civilization?
  2. Name the two cities archeologists found in 1922.
  3. What other civilizations existed around the same time as this one?
  4. Why do archeologists think this civilization's homes were so advanced?
  5. Explain what types of transportation they used and how they used them.